ADA Accessibility Requirements

Official University of Arkansas websites are legally required to be ADA compliant.

Section 508 of the Americans with Disabilities Act prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability. Section 508 laws are based largely on the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines developed by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). People with disabilities must have comparable access and use of information and data as people who do not have disabilities. An accessible web page enables people with disabilities—such as blindness, low vision, hearing impairment, or cognitive or mobility impairments—to read, hear and interact with computer-based information and content.

Requirements for ADA Compliance

  • All content on a web page must be accessible to assistive technology such as a screen magnifier to enlarge text or a screen reader to read the page aloud.
  • Images, especially those conveying information, must include a text description in the form of an ALT tag.
  • Transcripts and closed captioning are required for audio and video.
  • Web page information must be accessible using only the keyboard because users with mobility impairments might not be able to use a mouse.
  • Color contrasts must be highly readable.
  • A website must be easily navigated. A method of bypassing repetitive navigational links is required, and navigation must be consistent.
  • LANG tags must be used to designate the language.
  • HTML must be used correctly and appropriately to facilitate the use of assistive technology with headings designated by heading tags, lists created using list tags, etc.
  • Web content must be readable without a cascading style sheet (CSS).
  • To provide enough time to read and use content, users must have control over any automatic audio material, animation or movement on the page, such as changing or muting volume, pausing video, or cancelling an animation. If content will automatically change, reload or expire during a web page session, the page must provide user options for controlling such changes.

Resources

Some websites with accessibility information and tools for creating accessible web pages include W3C Web Accessibility Initiative Resources and WebAIM.